Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional

Aprianti Ranty(1email), Maria Maya Lestari(2), Evi Deliana(3)


(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: The ethnic Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim minority group in Rakhine, which is among the most persecuted, vulnerable, and oppressed minorities in the world. In addition to losing their citizenship, the ethnic Rohingya also lost their home, where they have lived for decades. The United Nations High Commissioners for Refugees or UNHCR is an international organization that deals specifically with refugees. With the function of providing protection and finding long-term solutions for refugees.

Purposes of the Research: Analyze Durable Solutions that are suitable to be applied to Stateless Rohingya ethnicity.

Methods of the Research: The type of research that will be used is normative law research, which focuses on positive legal norms such as international law instruments relating to the issues contained in this study.

Results of the Research: Of the three durable solutions available to UNHCR, the most viable long-term solution for Rohingya refugees is resettlement or relocation to a third country. Because of the conditions and laws relating to the citizenship of Bangladesh as a state of asylum, Rohingya refugees do not allow local integration into the nationality of Bangladesh, while voluntary repatriation is not possible for Rohingyas because of the state of the government of Myanmar and the lack of security and security guarantees as well as citizens' rights for rohingya. The protection and realization of the rights of refugees is the responsibility of UNHCR as an international organization formed and under the auspices of the United Nations (United Nations) specifically designed to deal with the refugee problem under the Statute of the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees 1951 or the 1951 Convention. But UNHCR's authority is limited to providing protection, assistance, fulfilling the rights of refugees, and seeking solutions. This limitation of authority is what makes it difficult for UNHCR to carry out its tasks and missions.


Keywords


Durable Solutions; Ethnic Rohingya Refugees; UNHCR.


DOI


10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026

Published


2024-04-30

How To Cite


APA: Ranty, A., Lestari, M.M., & Deliana, E. (2024). Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional. Balobe Law Journal, 4(1), 26 - 34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026.
IEEE: A. Ranty, M.M. Lestari, and E. Deliana, "Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional", Balobe Law J., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 26 - 34, Apr. 2024. Accessed on: Jul. 16, 2024. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026
Harvard: Ranty, A., Lestari, M.M., and Deliana, E., (2024). "Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional". Balobe Law Journal, Volume 4(1), pp. 26 - 34. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026 (Accessed on: 16 July 2024)
Chicago: Ranty, Aprianti, Maria Maya Lestari, and Evi Deliana. "Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional." Balobe Law Journal 4, no. 1 (April 30, 2024): 26 - 34. Accessed July 16, 2024. doi:10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026
Vancouver: Ranty A, Lestari MM, Deliana E. Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional. Balobe Law J. [Internet]. 2024 Apr 30 [cited 2024 Jul 16];4(1):26 - 34. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026
MLA 8th: Ranty, Aprianti, Maria Maya Lestari, and Evi Deliana. "Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional." Balobe Law Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, 30 Apr. 2024, pp. 26 - 34, doi:10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026. Accessed 16 Jul. 2024.
BibTeX:
@article{balobe2026,
		author = {Aprianti Ranty and Maria Lestari and Evi Deliana},
		title = {Durable Solutions Bagi Pengungsi Etnis Rohingya Tanpa Kewarganegaraan Menurut Hukum Internasional},
		journal = {Balobe Law Journal},
		volume = {4},
		number = {1},
		year = {2024},
		keywords = {Durable Solutions; Ethnic Rohingya Refugees; UNHCR.},
		abstract = {Introduction: The ethnic Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim minority group in Rakhine, which is among the most persecuted, vulnerable, and oppressed minorities in the world. In addition to losing their citizenship, the ethnic Rohingya also lost their home, where they have lived for decades. The United Nations High Commissioners for Refugees or UNHCR is an international organization that deals specifically with refugees. With the function of providing protection and finding long-term solutions for refugees.Purposes of the Research: Analyze Durable Solutions that are suitable to be applied to Stateless Rohingya ethnicity.Methods of the Research: The type of research that will be used is normative law research, which focuses on positive legal norms such as international law instruments relating to the issues contained in this study.Results of the Research: Of the three durable solutions available to UNHCR, the most viable long-term solution for Rohingya refugees is resettlement or relocation to a third country. Because of the conditions and laws relating to the citizenship of Bangladesh as a state of asylum, Rohingya refugees do not allow local integration into the nationality of Bangladesh, while voluntary repatriation is not possible for Rohingyas because of the state of the government of Myanmar and the lack of security and security guarantees as well as citizens' rights for rohingya. The protection and realization of the rights of refugees is the responsibility of UNHCR as an international organization formed and under the auspices of the United Nations (United Nations) specifically designed to deal with the refugee problem under the Statute of the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees 1951 or the 1951 Convention. But UNHCR's authority is limited to providing protection, assistance, fulfilling the rights of refugees, and seeking solutions. This limitation of authority is what makes it difficult for UNHCR to carry out its tasks and missions.},
				issn = {2775-6149},		pages = {26--34}			doi = {10.47268/balobe.v4i1.2026},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/balobe/article/view/2026}
		}
		
RefWorks:

   


Artikel Jurnal

Esses, V M, Hamilton, LK, dan Gaucher, D., “Krisis pengungsi global: bukti empiris dan implikasi kebijakan untuk meningkatkan sikap masyarakat dan memfasilitasi pemukiman kembali pengungsi”, Soc. Issues Policy Rev.11, 78–123.doi: 10.1111/sipr.12028, 2017.

Nolam Kurniawan, “Kasus Rohingya dan Tanggung Jawab Negara dalam Penegakan Hak Asasi Manusia”, Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol. 14 No.4, 2017.

Haradhan Kumar Mohajan, “History of Rakhine State and the Origin of the Rohingya Muslims”, Jurnal, IKAT: The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies Vol. 2, No.1, 2018.

Hossain, A N M Zakir., “Rohingya Refugee and Resettlement Nexus in Bangladesh: Why it Become a Research Agenda?”, Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Asian Institute of Research, Vol.3, No.3, 868-874. 2020.

Molly, F., “Kehidupan terhenti: biaya menunggu pemukiman kembali pengungsi”, J. Ethnic Migrat. Stud. 48, 1–19. doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2021.1876554, 2021.

Schneider, H., “Implementasi proses pemukiman kembali pengungsi: perbedaan tujuan, saling ketergantungan dan hubungan kekuasaan”, Front.Polit.Sci. 3, 2021, 629675. doi: 10.3389/ fpos.2021.629675.

Skripsi, Tesis, Distertasi, Online/World Wide Web dan Lain-Lain

“Bangladesh Wants Global Attention Not to Shift from Rohingya Crisis,” Prothom Alo (Dhaka), March 6, 2023, https://en.prothomalo.com/bangladesh/h6y1f55xpw.

Burma Citizenship Law 15 October 1982, UNHCR, https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b4f71b.html.

Diplomatic Council, “Recommendations to solve the Rohingya Crisis”, https://www.diplomatic-council.org/node/97

https://www.unrefugees.org/news/rohingya-refugee-crisis-explained/

Human Rights Watch, Pencarian Solusi Yang Tahan Lama, Https://Www.Hrw.Org/Reports/2000/Burma/Burm005-05.Htm,

Karen Jacobsen, “Local Integration: The Forgotten Solution”, 1 Oktober 2003, Migration Policy Institute, https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/local-integration-forgotten-solution.

Myanmar: The Rohingya Minority: Fundamental Rights Denied, dalam https://doc.es.amnesty.org/cgibin/ai/BRSCGI/MYANMAR%20THE%20ROHINGYA%20MINORITY:%20FUNDAMENTAL %20RIGHTS%20DENIED?CMD=VEROBJ&MLKOB=25897364242.

International Rescue Committee, “Access to Justice for Rohingya and Host Community in Cox’s Bazar,” February 2019, www.rescue.org/sites/default/files/document/3929/accessingjusticeassessmentexternalfinalsmall.pdf.

Neha Banka, “Failed Rohingya Repatriation from Bangladesh to Myanmar: A Status Check,” Indian Express, September 13, 2019, www.indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-failed-rohingya-repatriation-from-bangladesh-to-myanmar-a-status-check-5990560.

Nining Nurdiana, “Peran Negara dalam memberikan perlindungna hukum terhadap orang-orang yang tidak memiliki kewarganegaraan (stateless person) berdasarkan konvensi tentang The Status of Stateless person 1954 : studi kasus orang-orang etnis Rohingya Myanmar”, Artikel Ilmiah, Program sarjana Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, 2014.

Novi Christiastuti, "PBB Serukan Rekonsiliasi dengan Rohingya, Junta Myanmar Geram", https://news.detik.com/internasional/d-5644097/pbb-serukan-rekonsiliasi-dengan-rohingya-junta-myanmar-geram, Detiknews, Kamis, 15 Juli 2021.

UNHCR, Kerangka Kerja untuk Solusi Tahan Lama bagi Pengungsi dan Orang-Orang yang Berkepentingan, 2003.

Wisnu Dewabrata, Myanmar Masih Seperti Dulu, dalam http://internasional.kompas.com/read/2012/08/12/04045530/Myanmar.masih.seperti.dulu.

Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View grafik : 127 times
PDF icon PDF Download : 50 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Aprianti Ranty, Maria Maya Lestari, Evi Deliana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.