Perlindungan Hukum Pemegang Saham Minoritas Perseroan Terbatas Tertutup dan Keadilan Berdasar Pancasila

Mustaqim Mustaqim(1*), Agus Satory(2)

(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pakuan, Bogor, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pakuan, Bogor, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Legal protection for the majority shareholders is sufficiently guaranteed, especially through the mechanism of the RUPS, but this is not the case for minority shareholders, thus creating an injustice problem for minority shareholders. The purpose of this study is to uncover and find out legal protection for minority shareholders in a limited liability company based on Pancasila justice. This research is normative juridical so it uses secondary data with the law approach and qualitative data analysis. The results showed that the General Meeting of Shareholders did not reflect legal protection for minority shareholders, because in every decision making through the General Meeting of Shareholders and various other decisions based on the attendance quorum about the majority of votes present at the General Meeting of Shareholders. Such matter is detrimental to the interests of minority shareholders because without the presence of minority shareholders, a General Meeting of Shareholders can be held, while minority shareholders also have the same rights and obligations and responsibilities. The majority of shareholders hold a large and full control over the company, resulting in minority shareholders, there is no guarantee to get justice based on Pancasila justice. Therefore, the General Meeting of Shareholders must be held if attended by all shareholders with voting rights present or represented. If this is not the case, the results of the General Meeting of Shareholders may be canceled.

Keywords

Legal Protection; Minority Shares; Justice

References

Buku

[1] Fuadi, Munir. (2001), Perseroan Terbatas Paradigma Baru, Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti.

[2] Hadjon, Philipus M. (1987).Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Rakyat Indonesia, Surabaya: Bina Ilmu.

[3] Kuswiratmo, Bonifasius Aji. (2016). Keuntungan dan Resiko Menjadi Direktur, Komisaris dan Pemegang Saham, Jakarta: Visimedia Pustaka.

[4] Notonagoro. (1974). Pancasila Dasar Falsafah Negara, Jakarta: Pancuran Tujuh.

[5] Rahardjo, Satjipto. (1983). Permasalahan Hukum di Indonesia, Bandung: Alumni.

[6] Sidharta. B. Arief. (2000). Refleksi Tentang Struktur Ilmu Hukum Sebuah Penelitian Tentang Fondasi Kefilsafatan dan Sifat Keilmuan Ilmu Hukum Sebagai Landasan Pengembangan Ilmu Hukum Nasional Indonesia, Bandung : Mandar Maju.


Jurnal dan Lain-Lain

[7] Sjahdeini, Sutan Remy. (2005). Pengantar dalam buku Misahardi Wilamarta, Hak Pemegang Saham Minoritas Dalam Rangka Good Corporate Governance, Jakarta: Program Pasca Sarjana Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia.

[8] Wilamarta, Misahardi. (2005).Hak Pemegang Saham Minoritas Dalam Rangka Good Corporate Governance, Jakarta: Program Pasca Sarjana Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia.

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