Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional

Figur Muhammad Ali Putra Nirwan(1email), Josina Augustina Yvonne Wattimena(2), Arman Anwar(3)


(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: The Syrian conflict was motivated by the Arab Spring, which was related to demonstrations and popular resistance in the Middle East and North Africa which ended with the fall of the ruling regimes in these regional countries.

Purposes of the Research: The research method uses a normative juridical method. This type of research is descriptive analytical using primary, secondary and tertiary sources of legal materials where the collection of legal materials is carried out using library research. Furthermore, the analysis technique uses qualitative analysis, by identifying facts, eliminating irrelevant things, determining the issue and then concluding the results of the analysis according to the problem being studied.

Methods of the Research: The research method uses a normative juridical method. This type of research is descriptive analytical using primary, secondary and tertiary sources of legal materials where the collection of legal materials is carried out using library research. Furthermore, the analysis technique uses qualitative analysis, by identifying facts, eliminating irrelevant things, determining the issue and then concluding the results of the analysis according to the problem being studied.

Results of the Research:  Legal violations against prisoners of war based on international legal and human rights instruments according to the Geneva Convention III of 1949 (Geneva  Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of Wat) and Additional Protocol I year 1977 (Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of international Armed Conflicts) have the right to be treated with dignity and humanity, such as not being forced to provide information unless they know their identity. Their torture and cruel treatment is seen as a war crime. prisoners of war must be moved from dangerous areas to safe places. Their living conditions must be equivalent to those of members of the armed forces of the host nation. Accountability for legal violations against prisoners for serious human rights violations against prisoners of war legally basically refers to the principle of exhaustion of local remedies through the mechanism of a national court forum. The unwillingness and inability of countries suspected of committing serious violations of human rights to resolve the problem of these violations at the national level can underlie the emergence of the judicial competence of the International Criminal Court (ICC). War crimes and crimes against humanity in accordance with the Rome Statute (Article 5 paragraph (1).


Keywords


Accountability; Violations; Prisoners Of War; Law And Human Rights


DOI


10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849

Published


2023-10-23

How To Cite


APA: Nirwan, F.M., Wattimena, J.A., & Anwar, A. (2023). Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional. TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 3(7), 632–650. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849.
IEEE: F.M. Nirwan, J.A. Wattimena, and A. Anwar, "Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional", TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk., vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 632–650, Oct. 2023. Accessed on: May. 24, 2024. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849
Harvard: Nirwan, F.M., Wattimena, J.A., and Anwar, A., (2023). "Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional". TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 3(7), pp. 632–650. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849 (Accessed on: 24 May 2024)
Chicago: Nirwan, Figur Muhammad Ali Putra, Josina Augustina Yvonne Wattimena, and Arman Anwar. "Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 3, no. 7 (October 23, 2023): 632–650. Accessed May 24, 2024. doi:10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849
Vancouver: Nirwan FM, Wattimena JA, Anwar A. Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional. TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk. [Internet]. 2023 Oct 23 [cited 2024 May 24];3(7):632–650. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849
MLA 8th: Nirwan, Figur Muhammad Ali Putra, Josina Augustina Yvonne Wattimena, and Arman Anwar. "Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, vol. 3, no. 7, 23 Oct. 2023, pp. 632–650, doi:10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849. Accessed 24 May. 2024.
BibTeX:
@article{TATOHI1849,
		author = {Figur Nirwan and Josina Wattimena and Arman Anwar},
		title = {Bentuk Pertanggungjawaban Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Tawanan Perang Menurut Hukum Dan Ham Internasional},
		journal = {TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum},
		volume = {3},
		number = {7},
		year = {2023},
		keywords = {Accountability; Violations; Prisoners Of War; Law And Human Rights},
		abstract = {Introduction: The Syrian conflict was motivated by the Arab Spring, which was related to demonstrations and popular resistance in the Middle East and North Africa which ended with the fall of the ruling regimes in these regional countries.Purposes of the Research: The research method uses a normative juridical method. This type of research is descriptive analytical using primary, secondary and tertiary sources of legal materials where the collection of legal materials is carried out using library research. Furthermore, the analysis technique uses qualitative analysis, by identifying facts, eliminating irrelevant things, determining the issue and then concluding the results of the analysis according to the problem being studied.Methods of the Research: The research method uses a normative juridical method. This type of research is descriptive analytical using primary, secondary and tertiary sources of legal materials where the collection of legal materials is carried out using library research. Furthermore, the analysis technique uses qualitative analysis, by identifying facts, eliminating irrelevant things, determining the issue and then concluding the results of the analysis according to the problem being studied.Results of the Research:  Legal violations against prisoners of war based on international legal and human rights instruments according to the Geneva Convention III of 1949 (Geneva  Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of Wat) and Additional Protocol I year 1977 (Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of international Armed Conflicts) have the right to be treated with dignity and humanity, such as not being forced to provide information unless they know their identity. Their torture and cruel treatment is seen as a war crime. prisoners of war must be moved from dangerous areas to safe places. Their living conditions must be equivalent to those of members of the armed forces of the host nation. Accountability for legal violations against prisoners for serious human rights violations against prisoners of war legally basically refers to the principle of exhaustion of local remedies through the mechanism of a national court forum. The unwillingness and inability of countries suspected of committing serious violations of human rights to resolve the problem of these violations at the national level can underlie the emergence of the judicial competence of the International Criminal Court (ICC). War crimes and crimes against humanity in accordance with the Rome Statute (Article 5 paragraph (1).},
				issn = {2775-619X},		pages = {632--650}			doi = {10.47268/tatohi.v3i7.1849},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/tatohi/article/view/1849}
		}
		
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