Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara

Hardianti Hardianti(1email), Irma Halimah Hanafi(2), Welly Angela Riry(3)


(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: In transportation activities, the risk of an accident is an unavoidable thing so that unification of arrangements regarding this matter is an absolute thing to do.

Purposes of the Research: This study aims to find out and examine how the regulation regarding the flight of commercial aircraft in the air space of a country is reviewed from international law and how the form of state responsibility when a commercial aircraft is shot down is reviewed from international law

 

Methods of the Research: This writing uses a normative type of legal research, which is carried out by studying theories, concepts, legal principles, and laws and regulations. In this study, the author used 2 approaches, namely the statutory approach, and the case approach.

Results of the Research: The results showed that the International air law Regulation related to the parties' obligation to regulate the safety of commercial flights crossing its airspace must be in accordance with the Chicago Convention of 1944. These arrangements are made so that flights that cross the airspace of other countries can be kept safe and secure. Iran's shooting down of Ukrainian plane PS752 has violated provisions in the 1944 Chicago Convention on its airspace in an armed dispute. Therefore, Iran must take responsibility for this incident. In the future, firmness and increased cooperation with various parties are needed so that safety and security in international flights and national flights can be achieved.

Keywords


Arrangement; Commercial Flight; State Responsibility


DOI


10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958

Published


2023-12-30

How To Cite


APA: Hardianti, H., Hanafi, I.H., & Riry, W.A. (2023). Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara. TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 3(10), 962–980. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958.
IEEE: H. Hardianti, I.H. Hanafi, and W.A. Riry, "Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara", TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk., vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 962–980, Dec. 2023. Accessed on: May. 20, 2024. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958
Harvard: Hardianti, H., Hanafi, I.H., and Riry, W.A., (2023). "Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara". TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 3(10), pp. 962–980. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958 (Accessed on: 20 May 2024)
Chicago: Hardianti, Hardianti, Irma Halimah Hanafi, and Welly Angela Riry. "Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 3, no. 10 (December 30, 2023): 962–980. Accessed May 20, 2024. doi:10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958
Vancouver: Hardianti H, Hanafi IH, Riry WA. Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara. TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk. [Internet]. 2023 Dec 30 [cited 2024 May 20];3(10):962–980. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958
MLA 8th: Hardianti, Hardianti, Irma Halimah Hanafi, and Welly Angela Riry. "Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, vol. 3, no. 10, 30 Dec. 2023, pp. 962–980, doi:10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958. Accessed 20 May. 2024.
BibTeX:
@article{TATOHI1958,
		author = {Hardianti Hardianti and Irma Hanafi and Welly Riry},
		title = {Pengaturan Tentang Penerbangan Komersial Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara},
		journal = {TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum},
		volume = {3},
		number = {10},
		year = {2023},
		keywords = {Arrangement; Commercial Flight; State Responsibility},
		abstract = {Introduction: In transportation activities, the risk of an accident is an unavoidable thing so that unification of arrangements regarding this matter is an absolute thing to do.Purposes of the Research: This study aims to find out and examine how the regulation regarding the flight of commercial aircraft in the air space of a country is reviewed from international law and how the form of state responsibility when a commercial aircraft is shot down is reviewed from international law Methods of the Research: This writing uses a normative type of legal research, which is carried out by studying theories, concepts, legal principles, and laws and regulations. In this study, the author used 2 approaches, namely the statutory approach, and the case approach.Results of the Research: The results showed that the International air law Regulation related to the parties' obligation to regulate the safety of commercial flights crossing its airspace must be in accordance with the Chicago Convention of 1944. These arrangements are made so that flights that cross the airspace of other countries can be kept safe and secure. Iran's shooting down of Ukrainian plane PS752 has violated provisions in the 1944 Chicago Convention on its airspace in an armed dispute. Therefore, Iran must take responsibility for this incident. In the future, firmness and increased cooperation with various parties are needed so that safety and security in international flights and national flights can be achieved.},
				issn = {2775-619X},		pages = {962--980}			doi = {10.47268/tatohi.v3i10.1958},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/tatohi/article/view/1958}
		}
		
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