Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional

Mariah Agnes Matakena(1email), Johanis Steny Franco Peilouw(2)


(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a global race to procure vaccines. Developed nations were able to procure prioritized access to many vaccines through Advance Purchase Agreements with vaccine developers due to their ability to invest more money, however this restricted developing nations to procure theirs.

Purposes of the Research: This issue poses the question whether Advance Purchase Agreements as a form of restriction towards the procurement of COVID-19 vaccines is accepted from the perspective of international law.

 

Methods of the Research: Type of research used is juridical normative, that is concept of law that is textual (law in books) or concept of law as a norm as guidance to how society behave in proper manner, by using case approach, statue approach and conceptual approach.

Results of the Research: The results showed that Advance Purchase Agreement’s (APA) are not acceptable from the perspective of international law. The use of APA to secure prioritized access to vaccines at the expense of developing nations infringes on their right to health hence violates the principle of good faith due to being an instrument of restriction towards ability of developing nations to procure vaccines and their right to health. Furthermore, Advance Purchase Agreements, overstep the provisions of the Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health 1995 as well as the Declaration of the Right to Development adopted by the General Assembly 1986.

Keywords


Advance Purchase Agreement; COVID-19 Vaccine; Right to Development; International Law.

How To Cite


APA: Matakena, M.A., & Peilouw, J.S. (2021). Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional. TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 1(10), 971 – 993. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856.
IEEE: M.A. Matakena, and J.S. Peilouw, "Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional", TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk., vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 971 – 993, Dec. 2021. Accessed on: Dec. 4, 2022. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856
Harvard: Matakena, M.A., and Peilouw, J.S., (2021). "Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional". TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 1(10), pp. 971 – 993. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856 (Accessed on: 4 December 2022)
Chicago: Matakena, Mariah Agnes, and Johanis Steny Franco Peilouw. "Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 1, no. 10 (December 24, 2021): 971 – 993. Accessed December 4, 2022. doi:10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856
Vancouver: Matakena MA, Peilouw JS. Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional. TATOHI J. Ilmu Huk. [Internet]. 2021 Dec 24 [cited 2022 Dec 4];1(10):971 – 993. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856
MLA 8th: Matakena, Mariah Agnes, and Johanis Steny Franco Peilouw. "Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional." TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, vol. 1, no. 10, 24 Dec. 2021, pp. 971 – 993, doi:10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856. Accessed 4 Dec. 2022.
BibTeX:
@article{TATOHI856,
		author = {Mariah Matakena and Johanis Peilouw},
		title = {Advance Purchase Agreement Sebagai Instrumen Pembatasan Memperoleh Vaksin COVID-19 dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional},
		journal = {TATOHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum},
		volume = {1},
		number = {10},
		year = {2021},
		keywords = {Advance Purchase Agreement; COVID-19 Vaccine; Right to Development; International Law.},
		abstract = {Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a global race to procure vaccines. Developed nations were able to procure prioritized access to many vaccines through Advance Purchase Agreements with vaccine developers due to their ability to invest more money, however this restricted developing nations to procure theirs.Purposes of the Research: This issue poses the question whether Advance Purchase Agreements as a form of restriction towards the procurement of COVID-19 vaccines is accepted from the perspective of international law. Methods of the Research: Type of research used is juridical normative, that is concept of law that is textual (law in books) or concept of law as a norm as guidance to how society behave in proper manner, by using case approach, statue approach and conceptual approach.Results of the Research: The results showed that Advance Purchase Agreement’s (APA) are not acceptable from the perspective of international law. The use of APA to secure prioritized access to vaccines at the expense of developing nations infringes on their right to health hence violates the principle of good faith due to being an instrument of restriction towards ability of developing nations to procure vaccines and their right to health. Furthermore, Advance Purchase Agreements, overstep the provisions of the Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health 1995 as well as the Declaration of the Right to Development adopted by the General Assembly 1986.},
				issn = {2775-619X},		pages = {971--993}			doi = {10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/tatohi/article/view/856}
		}
		
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DOI: 10.47268/tatohi.v1i10.856

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