Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi


Bayu Novendra - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
*Aulia Mutiara Syifa - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
CrossMark

Abstract

The dualism of the conception of state assets separated in State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in Indonesian legislation raises a polemic in the operation of SOEs as a business entity. In essence, in Act Number 19 of 2003 concerning SOEs, separated state assets no longer include state assets and their development and management are based on sound corporate principles. Meanwhile, in Law Number 17 of 2003 concerning State Finance, it is stated that one of the state finances is state assets separated from SOEs. Therefore, if it is related to the enactment of Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning Eradication of Corruption, SOEs that suffer losses can be charged with criminal acts of corruption because they have harmed state finances. By using the juridical-normative method and literature study as data collection techniques, the results of this study confirm the nature of BUMN as a company that is separate from its shareholder, namely the state. This research also encourages the use of  Business Judgment Rule principle in proof as an effort to protect all actions of the Directors of BUMN that have a good intention to run a BUMN that suffers losses.

Keywords

SOEs Corruption; SOEs Lost; Separated State’s Assets; Separate Legal Entity; Business Judgement Rule Principle.

How To Cite


APA: Novendra, B., & Syifa, A.M. (2020). Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi. SASI, 26(4), 458-473. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298.
IEEE: B. Novendra, and A.M. Syifa, "Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi", SASI, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 458-473, Dec. 2020. Accessed on: Apr. 21, 2021. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298
Harvard: Novendra, B., and Syifa, A.M., (2020). "Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi". SASI, Volume 26(4), pp. 458-473. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298 (Accessed on: 21 April 2021)
Chicago: Novendra, Bayu, and Aulia Mutiara Syifa. "Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi." SASI 26, no. 4 (December 20, 2020): 458-473. Accessed April 21, 2021. doi:10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298
Vancouver: Novendra B, Syifa AM. Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi. SASI [Internet]. 2020 Dec 25 [cited 2021 Apr 21];26(4):458-473. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298
MLA 8th: Novendra, Bayu, and Aulia Mutiara Syifa. "Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi." SASI, vol. 26, no. 4, 20 Dec. 2020, pp. 458-473, doi:10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298. Accessed 21 Apr. 2021.
BibTeX:
@article{SASI298,
			author = {Bayu Novendra and Aulia Syifa},
			title = {Miskonsepsi Pembebanan Tanggung Jawab kepada Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara dalam Jerat Tindak Pidana Korupsi},
			journal = {SASI},
			volume = {26},
			number = {4},
			year = {2020},
			keywords = {SOEs Corruption; SOEs Lost; Separated State’s Assets; Separate Legal Entity; Business Judgement Rule Principle.},
			abstract = {The dualism of the conception of state assets separated in State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in Indonesian legislation raises a polemic in the operation of SOEs as a business entity. In essence, in Act Number 19 of 2003 concerning SOEs, separated state assets no longer include state assets and their development and management are based on sound corporate principles. Meanwhile, in Law Number 17 of 2003 concerning State Finance, it is stated that one of the state finances is state assets separated from SOEs. Therefore, if it is related to the enactment of Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning Eradication of Corruption, SOEs that suffer losses can be charged with criminal acts of corruption because they have harmed state finances. By using the juridical-normative method and literature study as data collection techniques, the results of this study confirm the nature of BUMN as a company that is separate from its shareholder, namely the state. This research also encourages the use of  Business Judgment Rule principle in proof as an effort to protect all actions of the Directors of BUMN that have a good intention to run a BUMN that suffers losses.},
					issn = {2614-2961},			pages = {458--473}			doi = {10.47268/sasi.v26i4.298},
					url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/sasi/article/view/298}
		}
		
RefWorks:

Citation format: 

Jurnal

[1] Ais, Chatamarrajid. (2001). "Fiduciary Duty" sebagai Standar Para Direksi dalam Melaksanakan Tugasnya. Hukum dan Pembangunan 1 (XXXI): 63-72.
https://doi.org/10.21143/jhp.vol31.no1.1315

[2] Arsht, S. Samuel. (1979). The Business Judgment Rule Revisited". Hofstra Law Review 8.

[3] Brennan, Bartley A. (1991). Current Developments Surrounding The Business Judgment Rule: A 'Race To The Bottom' Theory Of Corporate Law Revived. Whittier Law Review: 301.

[4] Gold, Andrew S. (2007). A Decision Theory Approach To The Business Judgment Rule: Reflections On Disney, Good Faith, And Judicial Uncertainty. Maryland Law Review.

[5] Griffith, Sean J. (2005). Good Faith Business Judgment: A Theory of Rhetoric in Corporate Law Jurisprudence. Duke Law Journal, 55.
https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.571121

[6] Grossman, Nadelle. (2007) Director Compliance with Elusive Fiduciary Duty in a Climate of Corporate Governance Reform.Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law, 12.

[7] Juliani, Henny. (2018). Aspek Yuridis Transformasi Hukum Keuangan Publik ke Keuangan Privat terhadap Pengelolaan Kekayaan Negara yang Dipisahkan pada BUMN. Administrative Law & Governance Journal, 4 (2).

[8] Juliani, Henny. (2016). Pertanggungjawaban Direksi BUMN terhadap Perbuatan yang Mengakibatkan Kerugian Keuangan Negara. Masalah-Masalah Hukum 45 (4): 299-306. https://doi.org/10.14710/mmh.45.4.2016.299-306

[9] Khairandy, Ridwan. (2007). Konsepsi Kekayaan Negara Yang Dipisahkan Dalam Perusahaan Perseroan. Jurnal Hukum Bisnis 26 (1).

[10] Lestari, Sartika Nanda. (2015). Business Judgement Rule sebagai Immunity Doctrine bagi Direksi Badan Usaha Milik Negara di Indonesia. Notarius 8 (2): 302-315.

[11] McMillan, Lori. (2013). The Business Judgment Rule As An Immunity Doctrine. William & Mary Business Law Review 4.

[12] Paputungan, Merdiansa. (2017). Diskursus Kewenangan Audit BPK terhadap Keuangan BUMN (Perseroan) Pasca Putusan MK Nomor 62/PUU-XI/2013. Mimbar Hukum 29 (3): 430-444. https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.26884

[13] Pramono, Nindyo. (2007). Tanggung Jawab dan Kewajiban Pengurus PT (Bank) Menurut UU No.40 Tahun 2007 tentang Perseroan Terbatas. Buletin Hukum Perbankan dan Kebanksentralan 5 (3).

[14] Roberts, William M. (1991). Searching For A Paradigm For The Fiduciary Duties Of Corporate Directors. Memphis State University Law Review.

[15] Sjahdeini, Sutan Remy. (2001). Tanggung Jawab Pribadi Direksi dan Komisaris. Jurnal Hukum Bisnis 14.

[16] Triem, Fred W. (2007). Judicial Schizophrenia in Corporate Law: Confusing The Standard of Care With The Business Judgment Rule. Alaska Law Review.

[17] Uebler, Thomas A. (2008). Shareholder Police Power: Shareholders' Ability To Hold Directors Accountable For Intentional Violations Of Law. Delaware Journal Of Corporate Law.

[18] Wuisang, Ari. (2015). Transformasi Keuangan Publik menjadi Keuangan Perdata dalam Pendirian Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) oleh Pemerintah. Pakuan Law Review 1 (2). https://doi.org/10.33751/.v1i2.928

Buku

[19] Atmadja, Arifin P. Soeria. (2014). Aktualisasi Hukum Keuangan Publik. Bandung: Mujahid Press.

[20] Atmadja, Arifin P. Soeria. (2013). Keuangan Publik dalam Perspektif Hukum. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

[21] Atmadja, Arifin P. Soeria. (2007). Transformasi Status Hukum Uang Negara sebagai Teori Keuangan Publik yang Berdimensi Penghormatan terhadap Badan Hukum. Depok: Bidang Studi HAN FH UI.

[22] Boen, Hendra Setiawan. (2008). Bianglala Business Judgment Rule. Jakarta: PT Tatanusa.

[23] Clark, Robert Charles. (1986). Corporate Law. New York: Aspen Publisher.

[24] Dine, Janet. (2001). Company Law. London: Sweet & Maxwell.

[25] Fuady, Munir. (2002). Doktrin-doktrin Modern Dalam Corporate Law dan Eksistensinya dalam Hukum Indonesia. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti.

[26] Garner, Bryan A. (2010). Black's Law Dictionary. Toronto: Thomson Group.

[27] Harris, F., Anggoro, T. (2010). Hukum Perseroan Terbatas: Kewajiban Pemberitahuan Direksi. Bogor: Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia.

[28] Knepper, W., Bailey, D. (1988). Liability of Corporate Officers and Directors. New York: LexisNexis.

[29] Prayoko, Robert. (2015). Doktrin Business Judgment Rule; Aplikasinya dalam Hukum Perusahaan Modern. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

[30] Sardjono, A., Dewi, Y. K., Irawaty, R., Pangaribuan, T. (2018). Pengantar Hukum Dagang. Depok: Rajagrafindo Persada.

[31] Soekanto, S., Mamudji, S. (2018). Penelitian Hukum Normatif: Suatu Tinjauan Singkat. Depok: RajaGrafindo Persada

Skripsi, Tesis, Disertasi dan Lain-Lain

[32] Arumsari, Agustina. (2014). Analisis Keputusan Bisnis Pada Badan Usaha Milik Negara Berbentuk Perseroan Melalui Penerapan Doktrin Fiduciary Duty Dan Business Judgment Rule Direksi (Studi Kasus Tindak Pidana Korupsi Direktur BUMN). Tesis, Universitas Indonesia.

[33] Atmadja, Arifin P. Soeria. (2004). Carut Marut Undang-Undang Nomor 17 Tahun 2003 tentang Keuangan Negara. Makalah Lepas.

[34] Hambali, Nurul Fauziah. (2018). Penerapan Doktrin Business Judgment Rule Terkait Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Direksi BUMN Dalam Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Tesis, Universitas Indonesia.

[35] Indradewa, Jusuf. (2002). Aspek Hukum dan Hakikat Keuangan Negara dalam Kaitannya dengan Pengelolaan Badan Usaha Milik Negara. Makalah yang disampaikan pada Seminar Reposisi Keuangan Negara: Pengelolaan, Pertanggungjawaban, dan Pemeriksaan Badan Usaha Milik Negara di Jakarta.

Full Text:

PDF HTML
151 times.
PDF Views: 92 times. HTML Views: 224 times.






Copyright (c) 2020 Bayu Novendra, Aulia Mutiara Syifa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.