Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective

Herman Suryokumoro(1email), Hikmatul Ula(2), Intania Zahra R(3)


(1) Faculty of Law Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Law Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Law Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: This issue was raised based on the fact that the COVID-19 investigation team in carrying out their duties did not always go well, one of which was the refusal of several people from the investigation team to enter Chinese territory.

Purposes of the Research: This study aims to analyze the legal protection of the COVID-19 investigator team from WHO in the perspective of international law.

Methods of the Research: The research method used is normative juridical research with a qualitative analytical descriptive nature, by examining legal materials, both primary legal materials and secondary legal materials through literature studies and other related literature.

Results of the Research: The position of the WHO investigation team in the perspective of international law is as an expert on mission as well as an expert on mission in the United Nations. Expert on mission is an external organ to assist the functions and goals of organizations including WHO. In carrying out their duties, the expert on mission is equipped with all legal protections as stipulated in the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies. Protection is given when the expert mission is carrying out its duties but in the convention there is no guarantee that the expert on mission is allowed -unconditionally- to enter the territory of the country. This is very reasonable considering that the state has full sovereignty over its jurisdiction. The ban on the entry of the COVID-19 investigation team for reasons of sovereignty should have been avoided considering that the COVID-19 pandemic is a common problem that requires cooperation from all over the world. The existence of obstacles to the work of the Investigation Team by China, which incidentally is the country that initiated the formation of the Covid-19 Investigation Team, is a bad precedent and a violation of international obligations as stipulated in the Responsibility of States for International Wrongful Acts.


Keywords


Expert on Mission; Legal Protection; Immunities


DOI


10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700

Published


2022-03-31

How To Cite


APA: Suryokumoro, H., Ula, H., & R, I.Z. (2022). Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective. SASI, 28(1), 12-26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700.
IEEE: H. Suryokumoro, H. Ula, and I.Z. R, "Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective", SASI, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 12-26, Mar. 2022. Accessed on: Jul. 19, 2024. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700
Harvard: Suryokumoro, H., Ula, H., and R, I.Z., (2022). "Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective". SASI, Volume 28(1), pp. 12-26. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700 (Accessed on: 19 July 2024)
Chicago: Suryokumoro, Herman, Hikmatul Ula, and Intania Zahra R. "Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective." SASI 28, no. 1 (March 31, 2022): 12-26. Accessed July 19, 2024. doi:10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700
Vancouver: Suryokumoro H, Ula H, R IZ. Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective. SASI [Internet]. 2022 Mar 31 [cited 2024 Jul 19];28(1):12-26. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700
MLA 8th: Suryokumoro, Herman, Hikmatul Ula, and Intania Zahra R. "Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective." SASI, vol. 28, no. 1, 31 Mar. 2022, pp. 12-26, doi:10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700. Accessed 19 Jul. 2024.
BibTeX:
@article{SASI700,
		author = {Herman Suryokumoro and Hikmatul Ula and Intania R},
		title = {Legal Status of the Who’s Covid-19 Investigator in International Law Perspective},
		journal = {SASI},
		volume = {28},
		number = {1},
		year = {2022},
		keywords = {Expert on Mission; Legal Protection; Immunities},
		abstract = {Introduction: This issue was raised based on the fact that the COVID-19 investigation team in carrying out their duties did not always go well, one of which was the refusal of several people from the investigation team to enter Chinese territory.Purposes of the Research: This study aims to analyze the legal protection of the COVID-19 investigator team from WHO in the perspective of international law.Methods of the Research: The research method used is normative juridical research with a qualitative analytical descriptive nature, by examining legal materials, both primary legal materials and secondary legal materials through literature studies and other related literature.Results of the Research: The position of the WHO investigation team in the perspective of international law is as an expert on mission as well as an expert on mission in the United Nations. Expert on mission is an external organ to assist the functions and goals of organizations including WHO. In carrying out their duties, the expert on mission is equipped with all legal protections as stipulated in the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies. Protection is given when the expert mission is carrying out its duties but in the convention there is no guarantee that the expert on mission is allowed -unconditionally- to enter the territory of the country. This is very reasonable considering that the state has full sovereignty over its jurisdiction. The ban on the entry of the COVID-19 investigation team for reasons of sovereignty should have been avoided considering that the COVID-19 pandemic is a common problem that requires cooperation from all over the world. The existence of obstacles to the work of the Investigation Team by China, which incidentally is the country that initiated the formation of the Covid-19 Investigation Team, is a bad precedent and a violation of international obligations as stipulated in the Responsibility of States for International Wrongful Acts.},
				issn = {2614-2961},		pages = {12--26}			doi = {10.47268/sasi.v28i1.700},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/sasi/article/view/700}
		}
		
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