Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum

Andrizal Andrizal(1email), John Dirk Pasalbessy(2), Arman Anwar(3)


(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon
(3) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pattimura, Ambon
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introductioan: The basic conception of the realization of security in the territorial waters essentially has two dimensions, namely the enforcement of sovereignty and the enforcement of security which are interrelated with each other.

Purposes of the Research:  This study aims to analyze and discuss the interoperability between Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone in law enforcement in the Maluku Sea is viewed from the perspective of legal harmonization and the obstacles faced by Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone in Law Enforcement in the Maluku Sea when interoperability is connected. with efforts to harmonize the law.

Methods of the Research: The research was conducted using a normative juridical method with a c statutory approach, conceptual approach and comparative approach a by specifically analyzing the performance of the institution and its authority in the implementation of law enforcement in the Maluku Sea based on the legislation which was then analyzed qualitatively.

Results of the Research: The results showed that Lantamal IX and Kamla East Maritime Zone had the same authority in conducting security and safety patrols in the Maluku Sea, thus potentially causing overlapping authorities. Therefore, interoperability is needed between the two institutions in order to create synergy and minimize the occurrence of sectoral egos. So far, the interoperability of Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone has been established, but it has not run optimally and continuously. Functional analysis of the collaboration between LANTAMAL IX and the East Maritime Zone Kamla shows that there are obstacles related to juridical and material aspects. In the juridical aspect, the East Maritime Zone Kamla does not have the authority to investigate so that the ship being considered must be handed over to the authorized agency. In addition, there has been no renewal of the memorandum of understanding between BAKAMLA and TNI Headquarters. As a result, patrol operations are not supported by Indonesian Navy warships. Meanwhile, materially, the facilities and infrastructure of the East Maritime Zone Kamla are minimal while BAKAMLA has a large enough budget for the implementation of operations. Likewise, the synergy of operations and sharing of data and information has not been maximized. Therefore, interoperability is needed through harmonization of law and synergy.

Keywords


Law Enforcement; Interoperability; Harmonization of Law; LANTAMAL IX; East Maritime Zone; Kamla

How To Cite


APA: Andrizal, A., Pasalbessy, J.D., & Anwar, A. (2021). Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum. PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review, 1(2), 121 – 146. https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621
IEEE: A. Andrizal, J.D. Pasalbessy, and A. Anwar, "Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum", Pamali Pattimura Magister Law Rev., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 121 – 146, Oct. 2021. Accessed on: Dec. 1, 2021. [Online]. Available at: https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621
Harvard: Andrizal, A., Pasalbessy, J.D., and Anwar, A., (2021). "Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum". PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review, Volume 1(2), pp. 121 – 146. [Online]. Available at: https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621 (Accessed on: 1 December 2021)
Chicago: Andrizal, Andrizal, John Dirk Pasalbessy, and Arman Anwar. "Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum." PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review 1, no. 2 (October 12, 2021): 121 – 146. Accessed December 1, 2021. https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621
Vancouver: Andrizal A, Pasalbessy JD, Anwar A. Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum. Pamali Pattimura Magister Law Rev. [Internet]. 2021 Oct 12 [cited 2021 Dec 1];1(2):121 – 146. Available from: https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621
MLA 8th: Andrizal, Andrizal, John Dirk Pasalbessy, and Arman Anwar. "Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum." PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review, vol. 1, no. 2, 12 Oct. 2021, pp. 121 – 146, https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621. Accessed 1 Dec. 2021.
BibTeX:
@article{pamali621,
		author = {Andrizal Andrizal and John Pasalbessy and Arman Anwar},
		title = {Aspek Interoperabilitas Antara Lantamal IX Dengan Kamla Zona Bahari Timur Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Laut Maluku Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Harmonisasi Hukum},
		journal = {PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review},
		volume = {1},
		number = {2},
		year = {2021},
		keywords = {Law Enforcement; Interoperability; Harmonization of Law; LANTAMAL IX; East Maritime Zone; Kamla},
		abstract = {Introductioan: The basic conception of the realization of security in the territorial waters essentially has two dimensions, namely the enforcement of sovereignty and the enforcement of security which are interrelated with each other.Purposes of the Research:  This study aims to analyze and discuss the interoperability between Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone in law enforcement in the Maluku Sea is viewed from the perspective of legal harmonization and the obstacles faced by Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone in Law Enforcement in the Maluku Sea when interoperability is connected. with efforts to harmonize the law.Methods of the Research: The research was conducted using a normative juridical method with a c statutory approach, conceptual approach and comparative approach a by specifically analyzing the performance of the institution and its authority in the implementation of law enforcement in the Maluku Sea based on the legislation which was then analyzed qualitatively.Results of the Research: The results showed that Lantamal IX and Kamla East Maritime Zone had the same authority in conducting security and safety patrols in the Maluku Sea, thus potentially causing overlapping authorities. Therefore, interoperability is needed between the two institutions in order to create synergy and minimize the occurrence of sectoral egos. So far, the interoperability of Lantamal IX and Kamla of the East Maritime Zone has been established, but it has not run optimally and continuously. Functional analysis of the collaboration between LANTAMAL IX and the East Maritime Zone Kamla shows that there are obstacles related to juridical and material aspects. In the juridical aspect, the East Maritime Zone Kamla does not have the authority to investigate so that the ship being considered must be handed over to the authorized agency. In addition, there has been no renewal of the memorandum of understanding between BAKAMLA and TNI Headquarters. As a result, patrol operations are not supported by Indonesian Navy warships. Meanwhile, materially, the facilities and infrastructure of the East Maritime Zone Kamla are minimal while BAKAMLA has a large enough budget for the implementation of operations. Likewise, the synergy of operations and sharing of data and information has not been maximized. Therefore, interoperability is needed through harmonization of law and synergy.},
				issn = {2775-5649},		pages = {121--146}				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/pamali/article/view/621}
		}
		
RefWorks:

Citation format: 


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Hadju, Zainal Abdul Aziz. "Analisis UNCLOS 1982 Terkait Permasalahan Yurisdiksi Negara Dan Penegakan Hukum Atas Kapal Berbendera Negara Asing." SASI 27, no. 1 (2021): 12-23. https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v27i1.254.

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Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar, and Etty R Agoes. Pengantar Hukum Internasional. Bandung: Alumni, 2015.

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Rahardjo, Satjipto. Sosiologi Hukum: Perkembangan Metode Dan Pilihan Masalah. Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing, 2010.

Ramdhan, Muhammad, and Taslim Arifin. "Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis Dalam Penilaian Proporsi Luas Laut Indonesia." Jurnal Ilmiah Geomatik 19, no. 2 (2013): 141-46.

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Wiratama, Heru. "Kewenangan TNI AL Selaku Penyidik Tindak Pidana Dilaut Dalam Mengamankan Perairan Indonesia." Jurnal Hukum, 2015, 1-30.

Anwar, Syaiful. "Membangun Keamanan Maritim Indonesia Dalam Analisa Kepentingan, Ancaman, Dan Kekuatan Laut." Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara 6, no. 3 (2018): 69-90.

https://doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v6i3.315

Atmasasmita, Romli. Tindak Pidana Narkotika Transnasional Dalam Sistem Hukum Pidana Indonesia. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 1997.

Damian, Eddy. Kapita Selekta Hukum Internasional. Bandung: Alumni, 1991.

Hadju, Zainal Abdul Aziz. "Analisis UNCLOS 1982 Terkait Permasalahan Yurisdiksi Negara Dan Penegakan Hukum Atas Kapal Berbendera Negara Asing." SASI 27, no. 1 (2021): 12-23. https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v27i1.254.

https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v27i1.254

Hananto, Akhyari. "Dikukuhkan Di New York Agustus Ini, Inilah Jumlah Resmi Pulau Di Indonesia." www.goodnewsfromindonesia.id, 2017. https://www.goodnewsfromindonesia.id/2017/08/19/dikukuhkan-di-new-york -agustus-ini-inilah-jumlah-resmi-pulau-di-indonesia.

Ibrahim, Johnny. Teori Dan Metode Penelitian Hukum Normatif. Malang: Malang: Bayu Media Publishing, 2006.

Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar, and Etty R Agoes. Pengantar Hukum Internasional. Bandung: Alumni, 2015.

Marzuki, Peter Mahmud. Penelitian Hukum,. Jakarta: Kencana, 2016. https://doi.org/340.072.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Sosiologi Hukum: Perkembangan Metode Dan Pilihan Masalah. Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing, 2010.

Ramdhan, Muhammad, and Taslim Arifin. "Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis Dalam Penilaian Proporsi Luas Laut Indonesia." Jurnal Ilmiah Geomatik 19, no. 2 (2013): 141-46.

Rumata, Jamaludin. "Kepulauan Maluku Dalam Geopolitik Regional." kompastimur.com, 2018. https://www.kompastimur.com/2018/10/kepulauan-maluku-dalam-geopolitik.html.

Samiaji, Ranu. "Harmonisasi Kewenangan Lembaga Negara Dalam Menanggulangi Tindak Pidana Illegal Fishing Di Perairan Indonesia." Jurnal Hukum, 2015, 1-22.

Santoso, M Iman. "Kedaulatan Dan Yurisdiksi Negara DalamSudut Pandang Keimigrasian." Binamulia Hukum 7, no. 1 (2018): 1-16.

https://doi.org/10.37893/jbh.v7i1.11

Shant, Dellyana. Konsep Penegakan Hukum. Yogyakarta: Sinar Grafika, 1988.

Simma, Bruno, Daniel Erasmus Khan, Georg Nolte, and Andreas Paulus. The Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary. Berlin: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum. Jakarta: Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1993.

Soekanto, Soerjono, and Sri Mamudji. Penelitian Hukum Normatif, Suatu Tinjauan Singkat. Jakarta : Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2015.

Soemitro, Ronny Hanitijo. Metodologi Penelitian Hukum Dan Jurimetri. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1990.

Sondakh, Bernard Kent. "Pengamanan Wilayah Laut Indonesia." Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 33, no. 1 (2003): 76-88.

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Sunaryo, Sidik. Kapita Selekta Sistem Peradilan Pidana. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang Press, 2004.

Tahamata, Lucia Charlota Octovina. "Penegakan Hukum Diwilayah Laut Maluku Oleh Lantamal IX Ambon." Balobe Law Journal 1, no. 1 (2021): 17-24.

https://doi.org/10.47268/balobe.v1i1.507

Ubwarin, Erwin. "Penegakan Hukum Yang Dilakukan Oleh Polair Polda Maluku." Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, Dan Seni 2, no. 1 (2018): 44-51.

https://doi.org/10.24912/jmishumsen.v2i1.2061

Wasisto, Gentur. "Kewenangan BAKAMLA Dalam Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Tertentu Di Laut Berdasarkan UU No. 32 Tahun 2014 Tentang Kelautan." Jurnal Hukum, 2015, 1-23.

Wiratama, Heru. "Kewenangan TNI AL Selaku Penyidik Tindak Pidana Dilaut Dalam Mengamankan Perairan Indonesia." Jurnal Hukum, 2015, 1-30.

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