Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?

Yordan Gunawan(1email), Fadhilah Rahmanita(2), Mahazanni Najwa Al-Asyifa Ode(3)


(1) Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Introduction: This article delves into the intricacies of the Yemen civil war, focusing on the human rights situation affecting women and children. The analysis underscores the severe challenges in safeguarding their rights due to limited access to essential services caused by the conflict. The article examines ongoing programs and policies to strengthen protection measures and reinforce global awareness of vulnerable populations in Yemen.

Purposes of the Research: The research is dedicated to analyzing the gravity of the human rights crisis in civil war, especially for women and children. Highlighting the hardships they experience, proposing pragmatic solutions, and increasing international recognition of their plight. Identifying gaps in existing protection mechanisms, this research advocates for cooperative strategies that can ease the burden faced by the Yemeni and nurture a more promising future.

Methods of the Research: Utilizes normative and legal methodologies to comprehensively explore the protection of human rights. A complete understanding of the challenges faced through a descriptive methodology, incorporating a literature review and case studies. Research information was drawn from relevant legal documents, media reports, and policy analysis.

Results of the Research: The findings of this research unequivocally reveal that Yemeni women and children face enormous obstacles in securing their human rights in armed conflict. Acts such as murder, rape, and recruitment of child soldiers exacerbate this already dire situation. Engaging government and civil society efforts are urgently needed to advocate for and ensure the well-being of Yemeni women and children during this protracted conflict.

Keywords


Conflict; Human Rights; Yemen


DOI


10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702

Published


2024-03-31

How To Cite


APA: Gunawan, Y., Rahmanita, F., & Ode, M.N. (2024). Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?. SASI, 30(1), 1 - 21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702.
IEEE: Y. Gunawan, F. Rahmanita, and M.N. Ode, "Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?", SASI, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1 - 21, Mar. 2024. Accessed on: Jul. 16, 2024. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702
Harvard: Gunawan, Y., Rahmanita, F., and Ode, M.N., (2024). "Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?". SASI, Volume 30(1), pp. 1 - 21. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702 (Accessed on: 16 July 2024)
Chicago: Gunawan, Yordan, Fadhilah Rahmanita, and Mahazanni Najwa Al-Asyifa Ode. "Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?." SASI 30, no. 1 (March 31, 2024): 1 - 21. Accessed July 16, 2024. doi:10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702
Vancouver: Gunawan Y, Rahmanita F, Ode MN. Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?. SASI [Internet]. 2024 Mar 31 [cited 2024 Jul 16];30(1):1 - 21. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702
MLA 8th: Gunawan, Yordan, Fadhilah Rahmanita, and Mahazanni Najwa Al-Asyifa Ode. "Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?." SASI, vol. 30, no. 1, 31 Mar. 2024, pp. 1 - 21, doi:10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702. Accessed 16 Jul. 2024.
BibTeX:
@article{SASI1702,
		author = {Yordan Gunawan and Fadhilah Rahmanita and Mahazanni Ode},
		title = {Civil War in Yaman: Do Women and Children Have Human Rights Protection?},
		journal = {SASI},
		volume = {30},
		number = {1},
		year = {2024},
		keywords = {Conflict; Human Rights; Yemen},
		abstract = {Introduction: This article delves into the intricacies of the Yemen civil war, focusing on the human rights situation affecting women and children. The analysis underscores the severe challenges in safeguarding their rights due to limited access to essential services caused by the conflict. The article examines ongoing programs and policies to strengthen protection measures and reinforce global awareness of vulnerable populations in Yemen. Purposes of the Research: The research is dedicated to analyzing the gravity of the human rights crisis in civil war, especially for women and children. Highlighting the hardships they experience, proposing pragmatic solutions, and increasing international recognition of their plight. Identifying gaps in existing protection mechanisms, this research advocates for cooperative strategies that can ease the burden faced by the Yemeni and nurture a more promising future.Methods of the Research: Utilizes normative and legal methodologies to comprehensively explore the protection of human rights. A complete understanding of the challenges faced through a descriptive methodology, incorporating a literature review and case studies. Research information was drawn from relevant legal documents, media reports, and policy analysis.Results of the Research: The findings of this research unequivocally reveal that Yemeni women and children face enormous obstacles in securing their human rights in armed conflict. Acts such as murder, rape, and recruitment of child soldiers exacerbate this already dire situation. Engaging government and civil society efforts are urgently needed to advocate for and ensure the well-being of Yemeni women and children during this protracted conflict.},
				issn = {2614-2961},		pages = {1--21}			doi = {10.47268/sasi.v30i1.1702},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/sasi/article/view/1702}
		}
		
RefWorks:

   


Journal Article

Abdullah Ahmed, Abdulwahed Hamoud, Zaini Zainol, and Norsyahida Mokhtar. “An Insight of Accountability Practices in Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs): The Case of Yemen.” International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478) 11, no. 1 (2022): 178–86. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i1.1569.

Ainayyah, Naura Hafiza, Joko Setiyono, and H M Kabul Supriyadhie. “Analisis Hukum Humaniter Internasional Pada Penggunaan Tentara Anak Dalam Konflik Bersenjata Non-Internasional Di Yaman.” Diponegoro Law Journal 9, no. 2 (2020): 441–55.

Al-Sakkaf, Nadia. “Explaining the Lack of Progress in Yemeni Women’s Empowerment: Are Women Leaders the Problem?” Journal of International Women’s Studies 22, no. 1 (2021): 104–20.

Al-Tamimi, Adeb Abdulelah Abdulwahid, and Uddagatti Venkatesha. “The Main Factors of Yemeni Conflict: An Analysis.” Jdp (Jurnal Dinamika Pemerintahan) 4, no. 2 (2021): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.36341/jdp.v4i2.1912.

Anggrayni, Wirda &, and Adwani. “Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Di Yaman Pada Saat Konflik Bersenjata Non Internasional.” JIM Bidang Hukum Kenegaraan 01, no. 1 (2017): 14–18.

Dostal, Jörg Michael. “From Fragile to Collapsed Statehood: The Case of the Republic of Yemen (1990-2020).” Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36, no. 1 (2021): 69–84. https://doi.org/10.52372/kjps36106.

Elayah, Moosa, and Matilda Fenttiman. “Humanitarian Aid and War Economies: The Case of Yemen.” Economics of Peace and Security Journal 16, no. 1 (2021): 52–65. https://doi.org/10.15355/epsj.16.1.52.

Elnakib, Shatha, Sarah Elaraby, Fouad Othman, Huda BaSaleem, Nagiba A. Abdulghani AlShawafi, Iman Ahmed Saleh Al-Gawfi, Fouzia Shafique, Eman Al-Kubati, Nuzhat Rafique, and Hannah Tappis. “Providing Care under Extreme Adversity: The Impact of the Yemen Conflict on the Personal and Professional Lives of Health Workers.” Social Science and Medicine 272, no. November 2020 (2021): 113751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.113751.

Fahruddin, and Habib Nuehakim. “PROXY WAR DALAM KONFLIK YAMAN” 18, no. 1 (2022): 1–12.

Gaber, Yahya Ali, Rukaih Al-Sanabani, Dhekra Amin Annuzaili, Abdullah Al-Danakh, and Li Chun Ling. “Research Progress of Health Care in Yemeni Children during the War: Review.” Primary Health Care Research and Development 23 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423622000421.

Gaghman, AbdulGhani. “The Importance of Good Governance on Achieving Sustainable Development Case Study: Yemen.” KnE Social Sciences 2019 (2020): 170–92. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v4i1.5987.

Geovani, Iwoeng, Siti Nurkhotijah, Harry Kurniawan, and Feby Milanie. “JURIDICAL ANALYSIS OF VICTIMS OF THE ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE TO REALIZE LEGAL PROTECTION FROM HUMAN RIGHTS ASPECTS ( RESEARCH STUDY AT THE OFFICE OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT IN BATAM CITY )” 1, no. 1 (2021): 45–52.

Honinah, Mohammed, and Wail Alhakimi. “Social Media Adoption in Yemeni Local NGOs.” Journal of Impact 2, no. 2 (2021): 28–41. https://doi.org/10.48110/joi.v2i2.36.

Hussin, Muhammad, and Mohd Nor. “SERANGAN ARAB SAUDI KE ATAS HOUTHI (2011-2015): KESANNYA KE ATAS YAMAN (Saudi” 11, no. 2 (2023): 1–14.

Kaptan, Deniz. “The Unending War in Yemen.” Contemporary Challenges: The Global Crime, Justice and Security Journal 2, no. October (2021): 55–79. https://doi.org/10.2218/ccj.v2.5414.

Levy, Sheri R., Katya Migacheva, Luisa Ramírez, Corahann Okorodudu, Harold Cook, Vera Araujo-Soares, Anca Minescu, David Livert, Deborah Fish Ragin, and Peter Walker. “A Human Rights Based Approach to the Global Children’s Rights Crisis: A Call to Action.” Journal of Social Issues 78, no. 4 (2022): 1085–97. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12563.

Mutaher, Noha Jamal Ahmed, Khaled A AL-Haddad, Ameen Abdullah Yahya Al-Akwa, Mohammed A Al-labani, Hassan Abdulwahab Al-Shamahy, Abdul Qader Mohammed Qasem Zabara, and Hussien Mohammed Shogaa Al-deen. “Prevalence and Causes of Traumatic Dental Injuries To Anterior Teeth Among Primary School Children in Sana’a City, Yemen.” Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, no. July (2020). https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v5i3.414.

Nugraha, Farhan Arda, Deasy Silvya Sari, and Kiagus Zaenal Mubarak. “Bantuan Kemanusiaan UNICEF Terhadap Anak-Anak Terdampak Kelaparan Dan Malnutrisi Dalam Konflik Yaman Abstrak” 6, no. 1 (2022): 32–49.

Oktaviani, Vini, Nadila Auludya Rahma Putri, and Soni Akhmad Nulhaqim. “Upaya Organisasi Internasional Dalam Menangani Krisis Kemanusiaan Di Yaman.” Jurnal Kolaborasi Resolusi Konflik 4, no. 2 (2022): 161. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkrk.v4i2.40248.

Oxfam. “From the Ground Up: Gender and Conflict,” no. October (2016).

Paulus, David, Gerdien de Vries, Marijn Janssen, and Bartel Van de Walle. “Reinforcing Data Bias in Crisis Information Management: The Case of the Yemen Humanitarian Response.” International Journal of Information Management 72, no. April (2023): 102663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2023.102663.

Review, A Literature. “The Relationship between Conflict and Social Change in the Perspective of Expert Theory :,” 2022, 9–16. https://doi.org/10.32996/bjahs.

Saeed, M. “Gender, Islam and International Frameworks in Yemen.” Al-Raida Journal 43, no. 1 (2019). https://doi.org/10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1758.

Salim, Fajri. “Analysis of Saudi Arabia Intervention in Decisive Storm Operations in Yemen.” Journal of International Studies on Energy Affairs 3, no. 1 (2022): 93–107. https://doi.org/10.51413/jisea.vol3.iss1.2022.93-107.

Saputri, Nia Annisa Cerellia Clorinda. “Peran International Comitte of Red Cross (ICRC) Dalam Upaya Perlindungan Anak Pada Konflik Bersenjata Di Yaman Tahun 2015-2017.” EJournal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional 8, no. 1 (2020): 435–47.

Sever, Mehmet Sukru, Lale Sever, and Raymond Vanholder. “Disasters, Children and the Kidneys.” Pediatric Nephrology 35, no. 8 (2020): 1381–93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-019-04310-x.

Sharp, Liz. “Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention.” Reconnecting People and Water, 2019, 185–211. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315851679-10.

Sowers, Jeannie, and Erika Weinthal. “Humanitarian Challenges and the Targeting of Civilian Infrastructure in the Yemen War.” International Affairs 97, no. 1 (2021): 157–77. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiaa166.

Suhartini, Tien, Muafi Muafi, Widodo Widodo, and John Suprihanto. The Role of Islamic Psychological Contract on Authentic Leadership and Organizational Commitment. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Vol. 487, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08084-5_68.

Tappis, Hannah, Sarah Elaraby, Shatha Elnakib, Nagiba A.Abdulghani Alshawafi, Huda Basaleem, Iman Ahmed Saleh Al-Gawfi, Fouad Othman, et al. “Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Service Delivery during Conflict in Yemen: A Case Study.” Conflict and Health 14, no. 1 (2020): 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13031-020-00269-x.

Weinthal, Erika, and Jeannie Sowers. “The Water-Energy Nexus in the Middle East: Infrastructure, Development, and Conflict.” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water 7, no. 4 (2020): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1437.

Yusuf, Muhammad, and R Firdaus Wahyudi. “Kata Kunci: Kontribusi, Republik Yaman, Peradaban Islam, Sejarah Dakwah MIMBAR Jurnal Media Intelektual Muslim Dan Bimbingan Rohani 22” 7, no. 1 (2021): 22–45.

Thesis, Online/World Wide Web and Others

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL. “YEMEN,” 2022.

Awadh, Maha, Edited By, and Sawsan Al- Refaei. Women in Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding in Yemen Maha Awadh and Nuria Shuja’Adeen Edited By Sawsan Al-Refaei, 2019.

Aya, Arman. “EXTERNAL INTERVENTIONS IN INTERNAL CONFLICTS: A CASE STUDY OF YEMEN,” 2023.

Barakat, Sarah. “The Cost of Justice. Exploratory Assessment on Women’s Access to Justice in Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Yemen.” OXFAM Research Reports, 2018, 57.

Buringa, Joke. “Strategizing Beyong the Women, Peace and Security: The Importance of CEDAW,” 2021.

Darmawan, Yadi. “Development Legal Theory and Progressive Legal Theory : A Review , in Indonesia ’ s Contemporary Legal Reform,” n.d.

Nations, United. “The Humanitarian Community Appeals to Donors to Help Millions in Need in Yemen,” 2024. https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/humanitarian-community-appeals-donors-help-millions-need-yemen-enar.

UNICEF. “Yemen Crisis Yemen Is One of the World’s Largest Humanitarian Crises – and Children Are Being Robbed of Their Futures.,” 2022.

Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View grafik : 265 times
PDF icon PDF Download : 124 times



Copyright (c) 2024 Yordan Gunawan, Fadhilah Rahmanita, Mahazanni Najwa Al-Asyifa Ode, Mohammad Hazyar Arumbinang

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.