Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian

Ronald Fadly Sopamena(1email)


(1) 
email Corresponding Author
CrossMark

Abstract


Prior to a business transaction, initial negotiations are usually carried out. Negotiation is a process of trying to reach an agreement with other parties. Negotiation is also an instrument that bridges the various interests of business actors in formulating their rights and obligations. It is in this negotiation that the bargaining process takes place. The next stage is the making of a memorandum of understanding, which in this writing is abbreviated as MoU. This study aims to examine whether the MoU can be used as a preliminary agreement as well as the legal strength of the MoU in terms of contract law. This research methodology uses normative legal tracing, primary and secondary legal materials with a statutory approach and a conceptual approach. Based on the research results, in a business contract, the negotiations carried out by the parties are outlined in the MoU as the initial agreement. If in the preliminary agreement stage there is a cancellation unilaterally, then as a legal consequence, the party making the cancellation must be responsible for the losses incurred. This form of responsibility is in the form of refunding costs incurred during negotiations and compensation for lost opportunities to enter into contracts with third parties.


Keywords


Legal Force; Momerandum of Understanding; Legal Agreement

How To Cite


APA: Sopamena, R.F. (2021). Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian. Batulis Civil Law Review, 2(1), 1-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451.
IEEE: R.F. Sopamena, "Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian", Batulis Civ. Law Rev., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-15, May. 2021. Accessed on: Oct. 22, 2021. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451
Harvard: Sopamena, R.F., (2021). "Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian". Batulis Civil Law Review, Volume 2(1), pp. 1-15. [Online]. Available DOI: https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451 (Accessed on: 22 October 2021)
Chicago: Sopamena, Ronald Fadly. "Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian." Batulis Civil Law Review 2, no. 1 (May 31, 2021): 1-15. Accessed October 22, 2021. doi:10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451
Vancouver: Sopamena RF. Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian. Batulis Civ. Law Rev. [Internet]. 2021 May 31 [cited 2021 Oct 22];2(1):1-15. Available from: https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451
MLA 8th: Sopamena, Ronald Fadly. "Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian." Batulis Civil Law Review, vol. 2, no. 1, 31 May. 2021, pp. 1-15, doi:10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451. Accessed 22 Oct. 2021.
BibTeX:
@article{BALLREV451,
		author = {Ronald Sopamena},
		title = {Kekuatan Hukum MoU Dari Segi Hukum Perjanjian},
		journal = {Batulis Civil Law Review},
		volume = {2},
		number = {1},
		year = {2021},
		keywords = {Legal Force; Momerandum of Understanding; Legal Agreement},
		abstract = {Prior to a business transaction, initial negotiations are usually carried out. Negotiation is a process of trying to reach an agreement with other parties. Negotiation is also an instrument that bridges the various interests of business actors in formulating their rights and obligations. It is in this negotiation that the bargaining process takes place. The next stage is the making of a memorandum of understanding, which in this writing is abbreviated as MoU. This study aims to examine whether the MoU can be used as a preliminary agreement as well as the legal strength of the MoU in terms of contract law. This research methodology uses normative legal tracing, primary and secondary legal materials with a statutory approach and a conceptual approach. Based on the research results, in a business contract, the negotiations carried out by the parties are outlined in the MoU as the initial agreement. If in the preliminary agreement stage there is a cancellation unilaterally, then as a legal consequence, the party making the cancellation must be responsible for the losses incurred. This form of responsibility is in the form of refunding costs incurred during negotiations and compensation for lost opportunities to enter into contracts with third parties.},
				issn = {2746-8151},		pages = {1--15}			doi = {10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451},
				url = {https://fhukum.unpatti.ac.id/jurnal/ballrev/article/view/451}
		}
		
RefWorks:

Citation format: 


Agustina, R., Suharnoko, Nieuwenhuis, H., & Hijma, J. (2012). Hukum Perikatan (Law of Obligations). Pustaka Larasan.

Budiono, H. (2006). Asas Keseimbangan bagi Hukum Perjanjian Indonesia. Citra Aditya Bakti.

Fuady, M. (1999). Hukum Kontrak, Dari Sudut Pandang Hukum Bisnis. Citra Aditya Bakti.

Hernoko, A. Y. (2010). Hukum Perjanjian: Asas Proposionalitas dalam Kontrak Komersial. Prenada Media Group.

Hetharie, Y. (2019). Perjanjian Nominee sebagai Sarana Penguasaan Hak Milik atas Tanah oleh Warga Negara Asing (WNA) Menurut Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata. SASI, 25(1), 27-38. https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v25i1.147
https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v25i1.147

Kunarso, & Sumaryanto, A. D. (2020). Eksistensi Perjanjian Ditengah Pandemi Covid-19. Batulis Civil Law Review, 1(1), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v1i1.423
https://doi.org/10.47268/ballrev.v1i1.423

Mandasari, Z. (2013). Kedudukan Memorandum of Understanding dan Surat Keputusan Bersama Ditinjau dari Teori Perundang-Undangan. Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum, 20(2), 278-299. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol20.iss2.art6
https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol20.iss2.art6

Marbun, B. N. (2009). Membuat Perjanjian yang Aman dan Sesuai Hukum. Puspa Swara.

Marzuki, P. M. (2016). Penelitian Hukum,. Kencana. https://doi.org/340.072

Miru, A. (2018). Hukum Kontrak & Perancangan Kontrak. Rajawali Pers.

Muhammad, A. K. (1990). Hukum Perikatan. Citra Aditya Bakti.

Satrio, J. (1993). Hukum Perikatan (Perikatan Pada Umumnya). Alumni.

Simamora, Y. S. (2009). Hukum Perjanjian ; (Prinsip Hukum Kontrak Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa oleh Pemerintah). LaksBang Pressindo.

Simanjuntak, R. (2011). Hukum Kontrak: Teknik Perancangan Kontrak Bisnis. Publishing.

Subekti. (2008). Hukum Perjanjian. Intermasa, Jakarta.

Tanya, B. L., Simanjuntak, Y. N., & Hage, M. Y. (2010). Teori Hukum : Strategi Tertib Manusia Lintas Ruang dan Generasi. Genta Publishing.

Tjoanda, M., Hetharie, Y., Pariela, M. V. G., & Sopamena, R. F. (2021). Covid-19 sebagai Bentuk Overmacht dan Akibat Hukumnya Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Kredit. SASI, 27(1), 93-101. https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v27i1.447
https://doi.org/10.47268/sasi.v27i1.447

Widjaja, G. (2017). The Application and Implementtation of MOU in Indonesian Business Practices. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 13(4), 60-64. https://www.ijbel.com/previous-issues/august-2017/vol-13-august-2017-issue-4-law/

Wignojodiputro, S. (1995). Pengantar Ilmu Hukum. Gunung Agung.

Yuanitasari, D., & Kusmayanti, H. (2020). Pengembangan Hukum Perjanjian Dalam Pelaksanaan Asas Itikad Baik Pada Tahap Prakontraktual. ACTA DIURNAL Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Kenotariatan, 3(2), 292-304. http://jurnal.fh.unpad.ac.id/index.php/acta/article/view/228

Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View grafik : 210 times
PDF icon PDF Download : 168 times



DOI: 10.47268/ballrev.v2i1.451



Copyright (c) 2021 Ronald Fadly Sopamena

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.